It is a country located in two continents, Asia and Europe. Its geographical situation, their culture and their history have enabled it to become one of the most popular tourist requested in recent years. The most famous city in the country is Istanbul. It is also the most populated. Its history goes back to the year 667 BC, when it was founded with the name of Byzantium. Centuries later he changed his name and became known as Constantinople. It is at that time when it becomes capital of the Roman Empire, although after the fall of the city at the hands of the Ottomans became known as Istanbul The most interesting places of this World Heritage city are, among others, Santa Sophia or Hagia Sophia, a basilica orthodox converted into a mosque, the Blue Mosque, the Palace of Dolmabahçe, Topkapi Palace, Basilica Cistern, the Mosque of Suleiman, Grand Bazaar, the Spice Bazaar or the narrow Bosphorus Strait, which separates Europe from Asia Outside Istanbul the most famous place is Cappadocia, a region of Central Anatolia famous for its particular geology. Their sites essential are Göreme, the underground cities of Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu or localities of Aksaray, Nevşehir, Kayseri, Ürgüp and Uçhisar. In recent years have become popular in this area initiatives rare as hot air balloon rides, which allow you to see from the sky the strange geological formations.
Other sites of importance in Turkey are: The ruins of Pergamum and Ephesus, mainly greek and roman. In Pergamum is the most important library of Antiquity after the of Alexandria. Also the Asclepeion, an important temple curative. In Ephesus was the temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Antiquity, of which today only ruins remain. Pamukkale, "White Castle" in Turkish, a geological formation of the That manan thermal waters and in the upper part of which are located the ruins of Hierapolis, a city Helena dating back to the second century B.C.